Moldova’s NEET people need increased support, analysis

Moldova’s young people not in education, employment or training (NEET) need increased support. The programs of study should be more flexible, the public spaces should be more accessible to persons with disabilities, while the public policies should be adjusted to the interests of vulnerable groups, says an analysis report entitled “More inclusive and more efficient: an inclusive approach to policies of support for the NEET young people of Moldova”, which was presented on Tuesday by the Center “Partnership for Development” (CPD), IPN reports.

Alina Andronache, of the CPD, said that three large venerable categories of NEET young people were identified. “There is the NEET group of young people who assumed care responsibilities and became house husbands/wives. We have NEET young people who have a job abroad or intend to go abroad and the NEET young people with disabilities. So, when we include them we need to take their diversity into account,” stated Alina Andronache.

The Moldova 2030 Strategy is the main governmental normative document that focuses on the NEET young people. The document stipulates the commitment to support the young people, especially those from rural areas, to build a career by stimulating their employment and professional growth and by professional counseling, especially of the NEET young people. The 2030 Youth Strategy and the 2030 Education Strategy are another two national strategic documents that were recently approved.

Cristina Cojocaru, of the CPD, noted that the skills are a crucial element that ensures the young people’s efficient transition from education to the labor market and the avoidance of the NEET status. “The effort to develop the skills of young people should take into account two dimensions: motivation to learn and access to education. Any public policy intervention should ensure the concomitant observance of these two elements. If one of them is absent, any public policy effort will fail” stated Cristina Cojocaru.

According to the analysis report, the young people are outside education primarily because they are not interested in studying. Cristina Cojocaru said the group of those who would like to study, but do not have access includes primarily economically inactive young people from rural areas. They have limited access to learning skills owing to the poorly developed infrastructure and the hidden costs they need to cover. The boys are more predisposed to leave early the educational system and have bigger chances of becoming NEET. As to nonformal education, the participation in this is more problematic for women. Both the employed women and those who are out of work have less time for nonformal education as they also have other duties, such as domestic chores or care for children.

The report “More inclusive and more efficient: an inclusive approach to policies of support for the NEET young people of Moldova” was produced in the framework of the Project “Better Opportunities for Young Women and Men Not in Education, Employment and Training in Moldova (NEET Inclusion Initiative)” that is implemented by East Europe Foundation in partnership with the Center “Partnership for Development”, the National Youth Council of Moldova and the Transnistria Regional Development Agency, being financed by the EU and co-financed by Sweden.

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